Care theory compare and contrast paper pamela morales hcs 350 july 11, 2011 care theory compare and contrast paper jean watson's theory of human caring is based on transpersonal relationships and developing a caring environment that offers the development potential while allowing the person to choose the best course of action. 1 compare and contrast the aims and methods of trait theory with those of personal construct theory psychologists seek to explain and formulate why people behave differently in everyday common situations and to define individual differences in terms of the knowledge gained and it structure. Describe the four major theories of personality (psychodynamic, trait or five-factor model, humanistic, and social-cognitive) and identify advantages and disadvantages of each theory. Skills theory by no means refuses to acknowledge the connection between inherited traits and the capacity to lead effectively, but argues that learned skills, a developed style, and acquired knowledge, are the real keys to leadership performance. The following theories focus on various aspects of personality development, including cognitive, social, and moral development freud's stages of psychosexual development in addition to being one of the best-known thinkers in the area of personality development, sigmund freud remains one of the most controversial.
The two theories of learning discussed in this paper are behaviorism and constructivism behaviorists believed that only observable, measurable, outward behavior is worthy of scientific inquiry (bush, 2006, p 14. Normal science, and compare the trait perspective with alternative scientific approaches we will also set out the key criteria that must be satisfied to build a successful trait theory, subdivided. Place an order for a custom essay, research paper on this or related subject in defining personality as which does constitute distinction of individuals, hans (2006), established his major theory that is based upon fundamental elements of the inherited characteristics.
The trait theory suggests that individual personalities are composed of these broad dispositions unlike many other theories of personality, such as psychoanalytic or humanistic theories , the trait approach to personality is focused on differences between individuals. The trait theory is just as the name says- a theory of criminology that states that certain personality traits can predispose one to crime it has roots in michael lombroso's which states that criminals are throwbacks to a more primality, both physically and mentally. Holland's career typology theory: an off-shoot of the trait-factor theory can be seen in the work of john hollandlike the trait-factor approach, holland's career typology focuses on individual characteristics and occupational task. According to each theory, the humanistic perspective would be the most influential on the development of the individual, because it desires for the human race to advance, and also positively encourages us to take charge of our own fate. To understanding human description, change, and comparison looking further back in the history of developmental theory (mosher, youngman, & day, 2006), adolphe.
The personality trait theory is one of the most critically debated in the field of personality studies many psychologists have theorized using the trait approach to personality, which advocates the differences between individuals. Compare and contrast the trait and behavioral leadership theories the trait leadership theories are based on the characteristics of leaders and are used to determine and forecast the effectiveness of their leadership. Analyzing humanistic theories in contrast to freudian and lacanian psychoanalytical theory which posited the unconscious as the driving force behind human action to which the self had little control, humanistic theory instead focused on the positive attributes to what they considered it is to be human. 4 review of leadership theory a review of the leadership literature reveals an evolving series of 'schools of thought' from great man and trait theories to transformational leadership (see table.
Personality and bandura in his social cognitive theory of personality, bandura included the concept of observational learning as one of the main theoretical points he argued that reinforcement does not simply work as a mechanism, but it is actually the provider of information of the next reinforcement to be given once the behavior is repeated. Humanistic theory gave us an understandable way to look at man's need for war for the sake of peace it is a simplistic theory that has become one of the most popular topics in self-help style books and man's struggle for meaning has been and will always be a major part of literature and entertainment. Third, unlike many other theoretical orientations, trait theorists are interested in the comparison of people through based on not just aspects, but also degrees and finally, and likely the biggest difference, trait theory does not inherently provide a medium of personality change.
The comparison between psychodynamic and humanistic theory there are very distinct differences between psychodynamic and humanistic counselling but both ultimately offer the help and guidance to discover why we act the way we do and why we make certain choices in our lives. Summarize the key elements of the major personality theories (eg type and trait theories, psychodynamic theories, humanistic theories, etc) discussed in the text personality types are distinct pattern of personality characteristics used to assign people to categories (gerrig 407. The two theories that i decided to compare and contrast with one another is the humanistic theory and the trait theory first, i will start with the comparison of the humanistic,and trait theories. Hint: both the trait and behavioral leadership theories were attempts to find the one best leadership style in all situations thus they are called universal leader theories according to stogdill and mann, it was illustrated that traits were considered a mutual concept after conducting several researches.